Muharram (Arabic : المحرّم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar.
It is one of the four sacred months of the year in which fighting
is prohibited. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar,
Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the
Muharram is so called because it is unlawful to fight during
this month,the word is derived from the word haraam,
meaning "sinful".Muharram is a month of remembrance
that is often considered synonymous with the event of Ashura.
Ashura, which literally means the "Tenth" in Arabic, refers to
the tenth day of Muharram.It is well-known because of
historical significance and mourning for the martyrdom of
Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad.
Shias start the mourning from the 1st night of Muharram and
continue for two months and eight days. However the last
days are the most important since these were the days
where Hussein and his family and followers
(consisting of 72 people, including women, children and aged people)
were killed by army of Yazid I at the Battle of
Karbala on his orders. Surviving members of the
family of Hussein and that of his followers were
taken captive and marched to Damascus and imprisoned there.